Getting a survey
An independent point of view by Sian Lehrter of HSBC proposed mortgage.
It’s not a necessity in France, but you’re advised to carry out a survey before buying your French home to ensure value for money
Dry rot, subsidence, leaky roof. If you’ve ever experienced these nightmare scenarios, you’ll know
how important it is to obtain a proper survey before buying a new property.
British buyers might be surprised to discover it’s not common practice to obtain either a valuation or a
survey before buying a property in France. Except for specific cases, French lenders don’t insist on this as
part oftheir mortgage decision process. Usually, the purchase price is acceptable for their calculations.
If you want to avoid being saddled with a potential money-trap, it’s a good idea to commission your
own survey. You have several options. Your notaire (property official) or lender can recommend a few
names, or else you find your own professional.
The ideal solution is to engage a fully qualified chartered surveyor. Unfortunately, though, they are
currently few and far between. There are some 400 chartered surveyors in France, but the vast majority of
these specialise in commercial property.
The good news is that more French professionals are choosing to become residential surveyors. They
have to pass a rigorous training period-including a commitment to ethical standards.Their training involves
a three to five year course at a university accredited by the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors, foliowed
by a two-year vocational period in a firm. They are only allowed to practise after they have passed an
assessment of professional competence.
The other main alternative is to find a British surveyor who specialises in French property. There are
quite a few of these. Or else you can look for another professional such as an architect, who sometimes
offers this service.
Good places to search are the small ads section in French property magazines (see the Property Services
category of the Petites Annonces section starting on page 110). Remember, before agreeing to use a British
surveyor, it’s advisable to check they are bilingual, up-to-date with the latest French building practices and
have experience of old properties, if appropriate. Don’t forget to ask about fees, whether they are inclusive
of VAT and whether out-of-pocket expenses are included.
Many people often confuse valuations and surveys-but they are substantially different. A valuation
states the valuer’s opinion ofthe current market value and the property’s suitability as security for a
Although the valuer will visit the property, it is not a structural survey and must not be
relied on to identify any structural defects present in the property.
A survey gives a far more detailed structural report on a property, carried out by a building surveyor
rather than a valuer. This will cost you around 1,000-1,500 euros (£700-1,050), depending on the size and
the type of property in question, and should reveal any hidden defects. It can even save you money, as it’s
possible for people who have a survey to go back and renegotiate the price oftheir property.
Once the survey has been carried out, you will receive a written report. On average a survey will be
carried out within two weeks of your initial request. It takes a further two weeks before you receive the
It is possible to have conditions such as a ‘subject to survey’ condition included in the compromis de
vente that you will be asked to sign when you decide to buy. Such a clause is known as a ‘suspensive’and
gives you extra power to renegotiate on price,should any defects be found.
Changes in the French law also now require sellers to provide reports covering lead, asbestos and any
termite infestations found within the property. But remember, the purpose of a survey is not to put you off
your proposed purchase-it’s to make sure you are fully aware of what you are buying.
If you want to avoid being saddled with a potential money-trap, it’s a good idea to commission your own survey
This article appeared in France Magazine, December 2003 edition, and is reproduced by kind permission of the HSBC bank, who own the copyright.